The Medical School of the University of California at Davis was typical. It reserved sixteen of the one hundred slots in its entering classes for minorities. In 1973 and again in 1974, Allan Bakke, a white applicant, was denied admission although his test scores and grades were better than most or all of those admitted through the special program. He sued. In 1977, his case, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, reached the Supreme Court. The Court rendered its decision a year later outlawing inflexible quota systems in affirmative action programs (“Affirmative Action Timeline”).
This is affirmative action today. More highly qualified applicants are being turned down because they are not African American or Hispanic or from another minority group. Affirmative action was supposed to be created to improve the employment and educational opportunities of members of minority groups and women, but it often tends to do the opposite and cause more problems such as racism and mismatching.
Affirmative action was first used by President John F. Kennedy. On March 6, 1961, he issued Executive Order 10925 which allowed government contractors to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and employees are treated during employment without regard to their race, religion, color, or national origin." This executive order was created to show the government’s commitment towards strengthening the efforts to create equal opportunity for all qualified people especially minorities (“A Brief History of Affirmative Action”). President Kennedy’s executive order also helped create the Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity. The committee’s job is to investigate the charges of discrimination that it receives. If the charges appear to be true, they try to solve the problems through conciliation, but if that cannot resolve the teething troubles, the committee will bring the case to federal court ("Equal Employment Opportunity Commission").