“THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC”
Afghanistan, land of the Pashtun, is a mountainous land-locked country in Central Asia. Although, no coastlines border Afghanistan, there are several vast geographical features that make up the country, from arid deserts in the south, to its more popular Hindu Kush and Himalayan Mountains in the north. Much of the country is dry, but with a few large rivers the country is able to irrigate. The commonly recognized rivers are Amu Darya (Oxus) River, Helmand River, and Lake Saberi. Stretching from latitudes of 29 N to 39 N and longitudes from 60 E to 75 E, and being roughly the same size as Texas. Similarly to the United States, Afghanistan has a continental climate. Afghanistan shares borders with Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north and China in the far east. The highest point is Nashaq at a height of 7,492 meters (24,580’). Much of the northern mountains are covered with glaciers and have remote populations throughout. Due to the remote villages throughout the northern part of the country; an estimated population is thought to be 30 million making it the 41st largest country. There are 34 provinces making up the country with each having its own capital. Kabul is the country’s largest city and capital. Several languages are spoken throughout the area, 50% speak Dari (Persian), 35% Pashto, 11% uzbek and Turkmen, as well as 4% speaking some 30 minor languages.
Modern life in Afghanistan is much different than life in the west. With a history and culture that goes back over 5,000 years and known for the infamous Taliban leader Osama Bin Laden, Afghanistan has so much more to offer then hatred and war. Throughout its long, splendid, and sometimes chaotic history, this area of the world has been known by various names. In the ancient times, its inhabitants called the land Aryana, and in the medieval era, it was called Khorasan. In 1747, Ahmad Shah...