Marxists see all institutions, not only family and households, but media and education as maintaining class inequality or capitalism. This means that the ideals the children of one generation are brought up in are then imposed onto their children. From this perspective, the family is stationary in classification or region it has been, as the morals, norms, ideals and protocol are inherited from their predecessors, thereby in effect ‘socialising the children into exploitation’.
Marxists say there are three main functions of the family. The first function is ‘inheritance of property’. The earliest class society was called ‘primitive communism’ as the concept of family didn’t exist. However, private property was established as soon as society developed. This was in order to guarantee the legitimacy of the one who would inherit from them. This theory suggests that one of the reasons the family was really formed was due to material values, which by extension ‘socialises children into accepting hierarchy.’
The second function of the family is the ideological function. This means that the family condition people to think that capitalism is a just, natural and consistent system. This also is an example of persuading children into accepting hierarchy within every day life, as they are taught from a young age that if they do not have certain assets or traits, they are inferior to those who do, thereby preparing children to take orders from others at work. The idea of family being a sanctuary is said to be mainly an illusion as outside influences can easily get into the privacy of our home and influence the way we think. Examples of this being police, social workers, schools and even television.
The last family function is idea that the family is a unit of consumption. The family is important as a consumer of products as it generated profits capitalism. Advertisers encourage the public to stay on top of fashion trends and get the latest toys for children, relying on...