The famous Greek city, Athens, was made when Poseidon gave a spring with sea water and Athena offered an olive tree on the sacred rock of the Acropolis. The people of Athens chose Athena as their protector, so the city was therefore named Athens.
In 508 B.C. Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to establish democracy. This form of government was used at a meeting place which the Greeks called the Assembly. Here the citizens of Athens met monthly and discussed the affairs of state. There were no decisions made by the government without asking the Assembly first.
The acropolis, which was dedicated to Athena, was the religious shrine and high fortress for the Athenian people. Its walls were built on a layer of limestone rock overlooking the city. Within the walls, the people of Athens built temples and buildings. The most famous, of which, being the Parthenon. The Parthenon is a shrine to Athena built in 472 and 433 B.C. It symbolizes the power and influence of the Athenian politician, Pericles.
Slavery was very common in Athens. Most people in Athens had at least one slave except the very poor. The wealthy families had large amounts of slaves. The slaves would work in the fields or in the house cooking or cleaning.
The Athenian economy was based on farming and trade. Athenians grew grains, vegetables, and fruit. Athens had little fertile land so they had to import most of their grain, since it was a main part of their diet.
In Athens, the men ran the government. They mostly spent their time involved in politics. When they weren’t talking politics, they would sail, hunt, and trade.
The women had very little freedom. They were only allowed to attend weddings, funerals, and religious festivals. Their job was to run the house and bear children.
Boys were taught at home by their mothers until they were six or seven. Then they were to be taught by private schoolmasters. The boys from wealthy families learned to write on...