UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE (AUTISTIC SPECTRUM)
TIREEN JOHNS – STUDENT NUMBER 1195859
ESSAY – MODULE 3
Critically evaluate the concept of inclusion related to individuals on the autism spectrum and the age group you are concerned with. Make reference to key historical and current legislation that has impacted upon enabling inclusion in that age group.
Inclusion is a relatively recent concept derived out of the 'social model of disability' Oliver(1983) that identifies society itself as the main contributory factor in disabling people. Systemic barriers, negative attitudes, ignorance and non-acceptance of difference results in exclusion brought about through attitudes of prejudice and discrimination, regardless of the fact that individual impairments need not disable.
“Inclusion is a term used by people with disabilities and other disability rights advocates for the idea that all people should freely, openly and without pity accommodate any person with a disability without restriction or limitations of any kind.” Wikipedia (2012).
The phrase 'social model of disability' itself was coined by Mike Oliver, himself a disabled academic, in reference to the fundamental aspect of equality, which had its origins in the 60's civil/human rights movements. The civil/human rights movements' main aim was to instigate 'equality before the law' in many campaigns ranging from the 'Black Power' movement in America, Gender equity, Gay and Lesbian movement and Civil Rights in Northern Ireland for example. These movements were geared to improve the legal rights of oppressed groups of people that were excluded from society through society's concept of race, colour and creed. Although, the term disability, was not used or recognised then, as it is today, the inequalities of the time certainly disabled both groups and individuals through prejudice, bigotry, arrogance and ignorance, in the same way that it can be viewed today.
The term 'inclusion', when used in...