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Behaviourism Essay

  • Submitted by: kisa7777
  • on November 19, 2013
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 1,902 words

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Below is an essay on "Behaviourism" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Behaviourism

Behaviourism is a theory of learning. Behaviourism proposes that learning is based on the thought that all behaviours are gained when they are conditioned. The theory of behaviourism supposes that behaviour can be studied in a controlled manner and according to John B. Watson we can observe it and it should have nothing to do with introspection because introspection is too subjective (Goodwin, 2008). Beside's John B. Watson there were others also interested in the study of behaviour, specifically, Ivan Pavlov and Burrhus F Skinner. Behaviourism was a major change from earlier views because it discarded the importance of the conscious and unconscious mind and instead it attempted to make psychology a more scientific field, by focusing just on the observable behaviour. Behaviourism had its earliest start with the work of Ivan Pavlov's and his research on the digestive systems of dogs that led him to the discovery of classical conditioning process, which demonstrated that behaviours could be learned through conditioned associations (Goodwin, 2008). This paper will discuss the work of Pavlov, Watson and Skinner and how they contributed to today's behaviourist theories like cognitive behavioural therapy. It will also discuss how these early behaviourists' theories are the same as today's behaviourist theories and how they are different.
Behavioural psychology otherwise known as behaviourism is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all our behaviours are gained via conditioning. Conditioning occurs through our interactions with our surroundings. Behaviourism proposes that behaviour can be studied in an organized and observable way without consideration or thought of inner psychological conditions (Goodwin, 2008). There are two major types of conditioning in behaviourism, classical conditioning and operant conditioning. When you take a natural occurring stimulus and then pair it with a response a behaviourist calls this classical conditioning and...

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