The first scenario looks like a case of anemia. There are many types of anemia but all have general symptoms. These symptoms can include pale skin, tiredness and dizziness. Headaches can occur and the affected individual may have increased difficulty with stamina when engaging in physical activities. These symptoms are due to the lack of oxygen supplied to the body’s tissues (Mulvihill et al., 2006).
Iron deficiency anemia and vitamin b12 deficiency anemia are two types of common anemia that are diagnosed. Inadequate consumption or absorption of vital nutrients and vitamins can be linked to both of these anemia types. Poor nutritional habits or various medical problems, which do not allow the body to absorb the nutrient effectively, can be reasons why there may inadequate consumption of nutrients. (Mulvihill et al., 2006).
An individual that suffers from iron deficiency anemia may experience just one or all of the discussed symptoms. Other symptoms include dry lips, ice cravings and a swollen tongue. A doctor makes a diagnosis after examination of the blood, which will show, reduced red blood cell counts. The doctor will likely question the patient with regard to their nutritional intake in the attempt to identify the source of the deficiency. Dependent upon the severity of the iron deficiency anemia mild to moderate cases can be treated through increased iron consumption in the diet or with an iron supplement taken in pill form. In addition, in cases where the gastrointestinal tract is not compromised the consumption of vitamin C has been shown to increase the body’s ability to absorb iron. Iron deficiency anemia is both preventable with proper diet and treatable with basic dietary changes or supplements. However, severe cases of iron deficiency anemia untreated can result in heart failure and possibly death (Mulvihill et al., 2006).
Another type of anemia more commonly occurring is vitamin b12 deficiency anemia. Similar to the iron deficiency anemia, vitamin...