The Reform Judaism branch is a sect of Jewish faith that seeks to modernize the faith and bring it into the modern era which came into existence with the early 1800’s. However it did not become a recognized sect until it was brought to the states. Reformers feel that the laws of their faith serves as suggestions and guidelines for behavior and that strict adherence to them have done nothing but alienate them from the world in this day and age.
Reformists have altered or ceased to observe some religious practices in the name of progress. It was the first branch to ordain female rabbis. Though they are a far cry from condoning gay marriage within their religion, they are the sect most tolerant of them as individuals. Prayer services are held with mixed seating as opposed to men and women seated separately. Rather than focus narrowly on the commandments, it stresses the importance of Jewish values and ethics. Traditional garb such as yamikas and talit are only used for prayer and keeping kosher is optional.
Orthodox Judaism is the strictest sect in regards to adherence to the Torah. Orthodox Jews consider the Torah the highest law and as it was the word of God dictated to Moses, no man can alter it’s word. Still, murder, worshiping other (false) gods, and biblically frowned upon sexual practices (which include adultery, incest, sex during or soon after menstruation and homosexuality) are considered the worst offenses. Males are to be circumcised and dietary laws must be followed. Marrying outside the faith is considered a rejection of Judaism and strongly condemned. In in other words, to be Orthodox, one must be of a Jewish father and mother or have converted using special standards. Self-sacrifice is a highly impressed upon trait of the Orthodox sect.
Conservative Judaism like Reform Judaism is focused mainly on bringing the Jewish people into the modern era but not by changing their beliefs as radically as the Reformists. Conservatives believe that changes to...