Look at the National Cancer Institute website shown in the module section on cancer.
Answer the following questions:
1. What are the four general types of cancer? List them and give a short description of each. Also, provide examples of the type of cancer(s) that fall within each general type.
Carcinomas – Is the most common cancer and originates from the epithelial tissues. They metastasize through the circulatory or lymphatic system initially and form solid tumors. Most common carcinomas are lung, breast and colon cancers.
Sarcomas – Grows in the mesodermal or middle layers of tissue such as bones, muscles, connective tissues and fat. They metastasize primary through blood, and can therefore spread to other organs. Examples of sarcomas are bone and cartilage cancer and they also solid tumors.
Lymphomas – Refers to cancer that grows in the lymphatic system which its primary function is to protect invasion through white blood cells. Lymphomas are classified in two categories: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and also form solid tumors.
Leukemia – Is more known as a blood cancer and is a nonsolid tumor. Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow and spleen. Examples of leukemia are acute myelogenous leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia
2. Your textbook documents 8 specific types of cancer.
(A) List them and provide a short description of each.
Lung cancer – Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer among men and women in U.S. Over the years, the death rate of lung cancer has declined due to the declines and policies that prohibit smoking in public places. Symptoms of lung cancer are persistent cough, blood-streaked sputum, chest pain and recurrent attacks of pneumonia or bronchitis. Once lung cancer have been diagnosed with for example x-ray, CT scan, bronchoscopy or any other method there are treatments that involve surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. People...