THE CHANGING NATURE OF WORK:
According to Organizational Psychology, work is defined as activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a purpose or result. When it comes to work, organization psychologists contribute to the work process and success by improving the workplace and the performance, satisfaction and well-being of an organizations employee. The changing nature of work implies the different changes that have occurs in the way people and organizations carry out work related activities. If one is to wake up to a work day in 1950 and 60s, there will be a clear difference between the work life of 1950 and 60s compared to our present time. The present nature of work has changed in terms of structure, contents and process. These changes are paramount to Organizational Psychologists and to students of psychology alike. If a worker that lived in the 1950 and 1960s were to be employed in our modern time, such a person would have great difficulty coping in terms of modern day speed of working, the nature of production, service and the different times of working. Such a person would have difficulty to comprehend sense of cleanliness and safety in the work place. The person would be puzzled with ethical rules and the protection of rights. The person may have problem understanding need to meet up customer satisfaction and ensure high quality of product, (Chmiel, 2008).
According Michael Frese, there are different areas where these changes have occurred when it comes to the nature of work; these are,
Dissolution of unity of work in space and time changing job and career concepts Faster rate of innovation,...