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Consider the Extent to Which Research Has Shown There to Be Cultural Variations in Attachment Essay

  • Submitted by: sabah786
  • on November 17, 2013
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 380 words

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Below is an essay on "Consider the Extent to Which Research Has Shown There to Be Cultural Variations in Attachment" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Researchers have used the strange situation to investigate secure and insecure attachment in different cultures.   A meta-analysis by Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg of 32 studies carried out in eight countries found some evidence of cultural differences (e.g. 74% of Swedish infants were securely attached compared to just 50% of Chinese infants).   Despite the observed differences between cultures, the researchers also found considerable consistency in patterns of secure and insecure attachment across the different cultures.   Bee suggests that it is likely that the same caregiver-infant interactions have contributed to these patterns of secure and insecure attachment in different cultures.   Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg believe this is likey to be the product of the increasing effects of the mass media, and their influence on such interactions.
Also using the Strange Situation, Takahashi found significant differences in separation anxiety between Japanese infant showing much greater distress when left alone.   Takahashi also found an absence of avoidant-insecure attachement types in the Japanese sample.   The absence of this type behaviour can be explained in terms of cultural norms of politeness (Japanese children are taught that such behaviour is impolite and are actively discouraged from displaying it).   Despite the observed difference between Japanese and American infants in the way they react to separation, it is doubtful that the Strange Situation had the same meaning for both groups and therefore is not a valid form of assessment of attachment for the Japanese infants.
A key part of Bowlby’s view on attachment is the claim that infants need one special attachment relationship which is qualitatively different from all others.   He used the term monotropy to describe the special relationship.   This allows the child to build an internal working model of the world and underlies all other relationships.   There is considerable debate about whether monotropy is...

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MLA Citation

"Consider the Extent to Which Research Has Shown There to Be Cultural Variations in Attachment". Anti Essays. 11 Dec. 2018

<http://snehaedu.com/free-essays/Consider-The-Extent-To-Which-Research-546273.html>

APA Citation

Consider the Extent to Which Research Has Shown There to Be Cultural Variations in Attachment. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 11, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://snehaedu.com/free-essays/Consider-The-Extent-To-Which-Research-546273.html