The word diabetes refers to the disease that affects how the body uses blood glucose. Glucose is vital to health because it is the main source of energy in the body for the cells that make up muscle tissues. When a person is diagnosed with diabetes it means the glucose level is too high in the blood. Too much glucose can lead to health problems. There two types of chronic diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Although type 1 diabetes can develop at any age it most commonly appears in childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, can also develop at any age but often develops in adulthood.
In type 1 diabetes, your immune system, which normal fights harmful bacteria or viruses, may attack and destroy your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This may leave you with little or no insulin. Instead of being transported into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.
There is no cure for type 2 diabetes but you may be able to manage it or even prevent the condition. Type 2 diabetes was once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. Type 2 is a chronic condition that may cause your body to metabolize sugar (glucose) which is your body’s main source of fuel. When you have type 2 diabetes your body is resistant to the effects of insulin which is a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar to your cells.
Another type of diabetes is Gestational diabetes which develops in pregnancy. If a person has gestational diabetes there will a risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Diabetes symptoms may vary depending on which type of diabetes you have, if you have prediabetes or gestational diabetes. You may not experience symptoms or you might experience some or all symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urination
• Extreme hunger
• Unexplained weight
• Blurred vision