Different Schools of Thought in Hinduism and How It Is Practiced
and Thought About by Hindus Today and Historically.
Being one of the oldest and one of the most popular religions known, it can be said that Hinduism is a very complex religion to understand. Many followers of the faith study the religion for years to understand the vast history and knowledge it holds from the past to present day. The practice of Hinduism involves the same path but many different roads. These roads and paths are meant to lead Hinduism believers to enlightenment, and having the goal of practicing dharma and successfully achieving moksha. According to the book “The Essentials of Hinduism” by Swami Bhaskarananda (2002) dharma is “the observance of religious duties” and moksha is “liberation achieved through God realization” (p. 8). Being such an old religion dating back many years, the thoughts and practices of Hinduism has evolved; this changed some ideas in the religion or it added on to what was already believed. As years went on, many followers seeking “truth” and trying to achieve moksha have added their own ideas or branches to this religion, giving it such a complex understanding. There are no known founders of the Hinduism faith which gave the religion the advantage to being shaped. With no known founder, the Hindu faith could be “updated” or “cleaned” from time to time. With that advantage people in changing times do not find it useless, but can find it relevant and useful. The change in the faith was done by genuine saints or sages born in India with respectable backgrounds and many years of studying the religion (Bhaskaranada 2002 p. 4). Even with the changes, one thing that has always stuck with the religion of Hinduism was the goal to constantly strive for infinite bliss which is eternity, perfection, knowledge, truth and much more.
As practicing the Hindu faith expanded, the development of more Holy Books followed. These holy books all included important messages of...