Discuss the work of Lombroso considering the critique of his work
Cesare Lombroso, born Ezechia Marco Lombroso (November 6, 1835 - October 19, 1909) was a born Jewish from Italian. He gained fame as a criminologist and founder of the Italian School of Positivist Criminology. Lombroso rejected the established Classical School, which held that crime was a characteristic trait of human nature. Instead, using concepts drawn from physiognomy, early eugenics, psychiatry and Social Darwinism, Lombroso's theory of anthropological criminology essentially stated that criminality was inherited, and that someone "born criminal". In other words he advocates that the criminals are born not made.
Lombroso was born in Verona November 6, 1835. His family was rich with a Jewish background. He was a literature student also studying linguistics, and archæology at the universities of Padua, Vienna, and Paris. In 1866 he was appointed visiting lecturer atPavia, and later took charge of the insane asylum at Pesaro in 1871. He became professor of forensic medicine and hygiene at Turin in 1878, where he was later professor of psychiatry (1896) and criminal anthropology (1906]. He died in Turin in 1909)
Cesare Lombroso holds a prominent position in the modem chronology. In fact he is considered to be the “father of modern criminology” (Mannheim, 1972: 232), During the 19th century his work gained attention as he integrated the concepts of atavism and “throwback” of criminals to an earlier stage in human evolution (Schaefer, 1969: 126). His work emphasizes on the different categories and types of criminals such as born criminals, criminaloids, and insane criminals, as well as research on female offenders.
His work is based on the concept that the human behavior can be explained through science. This theory was presented in the early 16th century. Positivism found acceptance first with the biology and then with criminology.
Many factors sparked this shift in philosophy from...