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Efficiency and the Perfect Totalitarian State Essay

  • Submitted by: ewenger
  • on November 25, 2012
  • Category: English
  • Length: 2,493 words

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Below is an essay on "Efficiency and the Perfect Totalitarian State" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Efficiency and the Perfect Totalitarian State
Two of the most important dystopian works of the 20th century are George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. Nineteen Eighty-Four was a decree of Orwell’s sharp pessimism, and a symbol of his disdain for the rising power of totalitarian states in Europe. The severe and perhaps sadistic methods of control and torture used by the thought-police mark some of the most memorable passages of the novel. Huxley himself praised the novel, calling it “fine and profoundly important,” a feeling echoed by almost every critic. Interestingly enough, Huxley suggests to Orwell that the brutal philosophy of sadism used within the Party would not be their permanent instrument of power.   Rather, Huxley offered in a letter to Orwell, technological advances would help the Party find “less arduous and wasteful ways of governing and satisfying its lust for power,” which Huxley believed to be the goal of all totalitarian states. I will argue that although The Party in Nineteen Eighty-Four has total control, their tools of oppression will logically develop in favour of efficiency. These technological developments will control population, dissent, disease, and especially the mind in ways that are not subject to human error. Living in the 21st century we can say with some confidence that Huxley’s model prevails, but why and how this happened is less easily answered. My answer to this is that Brave New World is scientific efficiency’s logical solution to all of the problems in Nineteen Eighty-Four such as over-population, disease and dissent.
To understand the differences between Nineteen Eight-Four and Brave New World, we must understand their personal differences. It isn’t hard to deduce the source of Orwell’s pessimism during the 1940’s, or his reason for painting such a hopeless and depressing society in “Oceania.” The 20th century saw a perfect storm of technological advances, and political uneasiness that...

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