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Essay Plan - Roles & Production of Atp

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The Production and uses of ATP – Essay Plan
Production
The only form of production of ATP is via both mechanisms of Respiration, aerobic and anaerobic.
  * Glycolysis (4ADP + Pi   4ATP)
  * Krebs Cycle (ADP + Pi   ATP)
  * Oxidative Phosphorylation (Around 30ATP each time)
Uses
DNA Synthesis
DNA Synthesis
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Respiration
Active Transport
Active Transport
Protein synthesis - growth/repair/enzymes
Protein synthesis - growth/repair/enzymes

Main Uses in the Body                             a           and plants
Main Uses in the Body                             a           and plants

Muscular Contractions

Muscular Contractions

Muscular Contractions
The role of ATP in muscle contractions is to provide every individual cell with energy, something which an energy source such as glucose wouldn’t be able to do because the size of the molecule is too big.   (The more specific role of ATP in muscle contraction is to shorten actin and myosin filament crossbridges and hence facilitate muscle contraction. This is a primary energy requirement that is necessary for locomotion.)

Active Transport
(ATP is hydrolyzed by transport proteins releasing energy. This energy is what is used to transport a molecule across a membrane and up its concentration gradient.)


DNA Synthesis
Needed for DNA ligase, DNA helicase and DNA topoisomerase.
DNA Topoisomerase – Enzyme that regulate the over winding and under winding of DNA.
DNA Ligase – Enzyme that facilitates the joining together of DNA nucleotide strands.
DNA helicase – The Enzyme that unwinds the DNA nucleotide strands during semi conservative replication.

Protein Synthesis
ATP is used by a specific enzyme ( aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase) to bind to it’s specific substrate to form the amino acid.

Photosynthesis
-Photophosphorylation in the light dependent reaction which produces energy from the electron transport chain to fuel the...

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Essay Plan - Roles & Production of Atp. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 11, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://snehaedu.com/free-essays/Essay-Plan-Roles-Production-547049.html