FAUST SELLING HIS SOUL TO THE DEVIL
Faust is related to German legend in which a man sells his soul to the devil in exchange for knowledge. This legend was put pen to paper times without numbers before Johann Wolfgang von Goethe who was a German writer, artist and politician. There are more than one Faust today but people are more familiar Goethe’s Faust than other versions. Also Christopher Marlow, who was an English dramatist poet and translator of the Elizabethan era, wrote “Faust” and it was more popular than other versions. However, when Marlow’s Faust asks personal desires from the devil, Goethe’s Faust is a character asking good wishes for all mankind. It is known that Goethe’s Faust identifies with Goethe’s own character.
In order to acquire an eternal wisdom, Faust bargains with the devil whose name is Mephistotales. If Faust satisfies, he will give his soul the devil betting with God. Goethe’s Faust also gives place to love. Faust, falling in love with Margarete, who is innocent and pure, wants to get her with the help of Mephistotales so Faust and Margarete collaborate against Margarete’s mother but they have no bad intention. Mephistotales kills her mother but Margarete is accused. She runs away with Faust and then she gets pregnant and kills her baby like a chicken with its head cut off. It is demanded Margarete’s death penalty. Faust, selling his soul for sagacity, has lost his wisdom during this period and he decides to break an agreement with the devil. This is the first part of Goethe’s Faust. The second part continues with how Faust retakes wisdom. It is probed with a fine-tooth comb that what cultural values depend on and whether the absolute objectivity is available or not.
There are also movie versions of Faust. The first was reflected to the movie screen by Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau, who was one of the most influential German film directors of the silent era and a prominent figure in the expressionist movement in German cinema during the...