This is not a Halloween story; although, it is a freaky real story that is terrifying many people around the United States. I do not know if you have heard or watched TV, anything related with natural gases and hydraulic fracturing. The United States has one of the biggest territories of natural gas.
Natural gas is found in many places around the world in underground. The natural gas can only be accessed by drilling vertical, horizontal or multi-lateral wells to the target formation. Hydraulic fracturing is how they called the process, and it is used to create an effective connection between the well and the target formation. We all know that natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuels, can be used in many ways to help reduce the emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere. Burning natural gas in the place of other fossil fuels emits fewer harmful pollutants, and an increased reliance on natural gas can potentially reduce the emission of many of these most harmful pollutants.
Fracturing fluid is a mixture consisting of water, sand and a small amount of chemical. Methane is an explosive, asphyxiating chemical with more potent climate-changing powers than carbon dioxide, and it makes up anywhere from 70 to 90 percent of most natural gas. Tap water, it's suspended in bubbles that later pop as the water exits a faucet or shower head. Both the methane-laden water and the air where it escapes will become flammable, eventually erupting in a fireball if exposed to a spark.
Tapping the U.S.’s shale gas would also produce major economic benefits: The extraction process is intensive labor, generating lots of jobs, and it also provides payments of thousands of dollars in leases and royalties to landowners, mostly in economically depressed rural areas. Pennsylvania’s Department of Labor recently said fracking for Marcellus shale gas had generated 48,000 new hires in that state in just 18 months. But, shale fracking has other environmental and social...