Gardner’s Theory of Intelligence
With Gardner’s Theory, he gave us an insight through the separate sources within the human brain that can stimulate and support different modes of learning. Gardner developed research of a study of when an individual engages in learning. He came across the conclusion that learning is founded in biological sources that he claimed to be particular types of intelligence and cultural sources being the particular reasons/needs for learning. Although, Gardner argues that there are specific areas in the brain responsible for the different intelligences. These areas serve as the access points for different ways of learning. He defined intelligence as “the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural setting.” He identifies seven different types of intelligence or seven separate sources within the human brain that support its learning. They are:
1. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence: the ability to detect patterns, reasons deductively, and mathematical thinking.
2. Linguistic Intelligence: the ability to master language and manipulate it to express ones feelings rhetorically or poetically.
3. Spatial Intelligence: the ability to manipulate and create mental images in order to solve problems. (Gardner notes that it forms in blind children.)
4. Musical Intelligence: the ability to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones and rhythms.
5. Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence: the ability to use ones mental abilities to coordinate one’s own bodily movements.
6. Interpersonal Intelligence: the ability to discern the feelings and intentions of others.
7. Intrapersonal Intelligence: the ability to understand one’s own feelings and motivations.
Gardner’s research showed that the intelligences are actually separated anatomically in the human brain, but usually operate together rather than independently. He broke down our way of learning in a way we would understand and apply to our everyday life....