Interview of Queen Hatshepsut
Hatshepsut was the daughter of Thutmose I and Ahmose. T hutmose I was the third pharaoh in Egypt's 18th Dynasty, and was likely the son of Amenhotep I and Senseneb, a minor wife or concubine. Ahmose was the Great Royal Wife of Thutmose I; she may have been a sister or daughter of Amenhotep I. Three children, including Hapshetsup, are associated with her. Hatshepsut married her half-brother Thutmose II, whose father was Thutmose I and mother was Mutnofret. As Great Royal Wife of Thutmose II, Hatshepsut bore him one daughter, Thutmose II Thutmose III, son of Thutmose II and a minor wife, Iset, became the Pharaoh on the death of Thutmose II, who ruled for about 14 years.
Hatshepsut claimed, during her reign, that her father had intended her to be a co-heir with her husband. She gradually assumed the titles, powers and even the ceremonial clothing and beard of a male Pharaoh, claiming legitimacy through a divine birth, even calling herself a "female Horus." She was formally crowned as king in about year 7 of her co-reign with Thutmose III. Hatshepsut, took the unprecedented step of becoming king of Egypt with full kingship powers and a male identity. She thus displaced, for about two decades, her stepson and nephew, assumed heir of her husband. And she did this in a time of relative peace and considerable economic prosperity and stability in Egypt. Hatshepsut's initial rule was as the regent for her stepson, and though she was depicted as a senior ruler and he as the junior partner in their rule, she did not initially take on full kingship. In ruling as a regent, protecting the throne for her husband's heir, she was following in some recent footsteps. Women rulers before Hatshepsut had ruled as the mother of the next king. But Hatshepsut's regency was a bit different, and thus her legitimacy in ruling may not have been quite so clear.
Once Hatshepsut took the step of becoming fully king, she went to great lengths to justify that this...