Georg Wilhelm Fredrich Hegel was born in 1770 in Stuggart, Germany. He was the oldest of
three children and came from a middle-class family. In 1788, he enrolled in the University of Tubingen, a
famous theological seminary. He studied theology for the Protestant ministry. After Tubingen, Hegel
struggled to develop and earn a living as a philosopher. In 1801, he held that position at the University of
Hegel wrote many books and it is said that he finished his first and long awaited book as
Napoleon’s Army was attacking the town of Jena. A week after the attack the French Army demolished
his home. Needless to say, he no longer taught at the University, but he did manage to finish writing The
Phenomenology of Spirit.
With the many different philosophic views, a new point of view immerged, German
Romanticism. Rather than the view of politics the German Romanticism was a revolutionary movement
which used philosophy, visual arts, and literature.
Hegel thought differently than Kant and disagreed with what he said. Kant believed that
knowledge comes from the mind. Hegel believed that his dialectic is characterized especially by it’s
thoroughgoing identification of the speculative thought process with the process of Being. There are three
definitions of this principal.
1. The stage in which it affirms, or puts something forward, itself a thesis.
2. The stage of negation, limitation, anti-thesis, which is necessary obvious deduction from the previous stage.
3. The stage of synthesis, return to itself, union of opposites, which follows necessarily on 1 and 2.
Everything comes from something and the idea is debated until it is figured out. In the end it is
the beginning of something that is dynamic. Hegel would have disappointed to learn that he was
considered the “grandfather” of Nazism and Marxism. His philosophic ways were misused and...