WHAT IS CHILD LABOUR
Child labour is generally speaking work for children under 18 years that harms them or exploits them in some way – physically, morally or by blocking access to education. A child is defined as children under the age of 18 years.
Child labour has emerged as one of the most important issues on the global agenda. UN Secretrary – Kofi Annan states that child labour has serious consequences that stay with the individual and with society for a long period of time. Young workers not only face long term emotional and physical stress but also in face the problem of unemployment and illiteracy in adulthood.
CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR
• Unemployment of elders
• Willingness to exploit children
In Asia child labour originates from
• Lack of adequate and effective enforcement and legal remedies.
Children are now being routinely exploited in many parts of the world. An ILO survey shows that up to 20 % of child workers are under the age of 10 years. The significant reason given for child labour stems from poverty.
The ILO classifies that the majority of child labourers work in agriculture but are also employed in factories, domestic, bars etc. ILO estimates that the number of working children between the ages of 5- 14 in developing countries is 250 million.
The ILO states that out of this figure some child workers are involved in work which are hazardous to their safety, physical or mental health, some are used in forced or bonded labour and some are used for armed conflict, trafficking and sexual exploitation.
Africa which is the poorest region has 32 % of child labour while Asia has approximately 61% and Latin American countries a total of 7 %. According to UNICEF 1997 – World Children’s report
• In Africa – 1 child in 3 is at work
• In Latin America – 1 child in 5 is at work...