1. Define BFOQ and list to which characteristics it applies.
Bona Fide Occupational Qualifications (BFOQ) are the factors, with regards to religion, national origin, gender, and age, which are typically used in defenses “to a suit for discrimination.” (Moran p. 250) The BFOQ are legitimate reasons as to why a company could discriminate against those certain factors in order to fulfill the needs of the company and are exempt from the Civil Rights Act. These factors are defined in Title VII, with the Age factor being included in the Age Discrimination in Employment Act. These factors are what must be considered when filing suit of or defending against discriminatory allegations. Any exclusion from employment or job progression based off of these factors could be grounds for liability of discrimination and the defense would have to prove that the discrimination was based off of a BFOQ. If the discrimination were to be found in compliance with the BFOQ with a legitimate purpose for fulfilling the needs of the company, then the defense would not be liable for discrimination.
2. What is the purpose of the Glass Ceiling Commission?
The Glass Ceiling Commission considers the capabilities of women and other protected classes as to their ability to advance when the opportunity so arises. The Commission also monitors the available opportunities to those protected classes to ensure companies are abiding by their policies and guidance that were put forth for protecting the opportunities of those protected classes. The policies that businesses create in order to be compliant with the Commission’s rulings are monitored by the Commission to ensure that the policy is achieving the goals of the Commission with regards to the advancement of women and protected classes with the organization. These responsibilities of the Glass Ceiling Commission are all in response to the barriers that were found by Congress in which limitations to “the advancement of women and minorities...