Inflammatory Bowel Disease 1
Running head: INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
SUNY Empire State College
Inflammatory Bowel Disease 2
If you are one of the many people who experience intestinal bloating, alternating constipation with diarrhea, abdominal cramping and flatulence, you would be very aware that these symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) can be quite disabling at times. Unfortunately, there is another group of people who experience more severe symptoms such as persistent diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, mucousy stools, abdominal cramping, fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, rectal bleeding, and anemia. The latter symptoms are those of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis which fall under the Irritable Bowel Disease(IBD) category. In this paper, I will be focusing on the etiology, pathophysiology and evidence based treatments for IBD diseases.
Although similar in symptoms,there are some differences with IBS and IBD. IBS “does not cause severe inflammation, ulcers or other structural damage that aids in the diagnosis of IBD”. (McFarland, 2008). According to McFarland (2008), IBD is usually diagnosed via clinical symptoms, endoscopic and histological findings. It may take up to 6 months to properly diagnose this disease due to the variance of symptoms and findings. Both Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) have one thing in common. “They are marked by an abnormal response by the body's immune system. Normally, the immune cells protect the body from infection. In people with IBD, however, the immune system mistakes food, bacteria and other materials in the intestine for foreign substances and it attacks the cells of the intestines. In the process, the body sends white blood cells into the lining of the intestines where they produce chronic inflammation. When this happens, the...