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Jolie Essay

  • Submitted by: biggeorge
  • on November 15, 2010
  • Category: English
  • Length: 1,723 words

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Below is an essay on "Jolie" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The Problem of Evil and its Solution
                                                Ken Gemes
                                                                    Department of Philosophy
                                                                    Birkbeck College,
                                                                    University of London
                                                                    k.gemes@bbk.ac.uk
The Problem of Evil and its Solution
The problem of evil can be captured by the following four statements which taken together are inconsistent:
1) God made the world
2) God is a perfect being
3) A perfect being would not create a world containing evil
4) The world contains evil
Traditional attempts to grapple with this problem typically center on rejecting (3).   Thus Descartes, following Augustine, rejects (3), arguing that evil is the result of man’s exercise of his free will. However, given Descartes plausible claim that God could have created man in such a way that through exercising his free will man comes to only virtuous actions, it is not clear how the problem is solved.   Descartes also repeats the Augustinian orthodoxy that though the world contains evil it does not contain it as a positive existence; evil has no real being but is simply the reflection of the inherent lack of full-being in merely finite individuals. Again, that this is a solution is open to serious doubt.
Descartes briefly canvasses the Augustinian suggestion that the world only appears to contain evil and that seen from the right perspective (God’s perspective) the appearance of evil vanishes.[?] This view suffers from the fact that it is near impossible to imagine a perspectival point from which all the evil so apparent to us no longer appears so.   For Voltaire the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 precluded this possibility.[?]   I prefer to take the horrors of Europe in the period from 1939-45 as a paradigm of non-perspectival evil....

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