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Linguistic and Communicative Competence Essay

  • Submitted by: anonymous
  • on November 18, 2013
  • Category: English
  • Length: 3,183 words

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Below is an essay on "Linguistic and Communicative Competence" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Linguistic Competence:
Linguistic Competence defines the system of rules that governs an individual’s tacit understanding of what is acceptable and what is not in the language they speak.   The concept, introduced by the linguist Noam Chomsky in 1965, was intended to address certain assumptions about language, especially in structuralist linguistics, where the idea of an unconscious system had been extensively elaborated and schematized.   Competence can be regarded as a revision of the idea of the language system.   The empirical and formal realization of competence would be performance, which thus corresponds to diverse structuralist notions of parole, utterance, event, process, etc.   Chomsky argues that the unconscious system of linguistic relations, which Ferdinand de Saussure named langue, is often mistakenly associated with knowledge or ability (or know-how).   Chomsky is concerned to establish a science that would study what he calls “the language faculty”, in analogy with other mental faculties like logic, which as a kind of intuitive reasoning power requires no accumulation of facts or skills in order to develop.   Grammatical knowledge too seems to be present and fully functional in speakers fluent in any language.   So competence in Chomsky’s sense implies neither an accumulated store of knowledge nor an ability or skill.   He rejects Saussure’s langue as “merely a systematic inventory of items”, and instead returns to a rationalist model of underlying competence regarded as “a system of generative processes”. This has the advantage of explaining plausibly events of linguistic innovation in unpredictable situations, as well as pertinence of expression and understanding in particular contexts.   This faculty seems to be absent in animals and (so far) in machines that can nonetheless be taught or programmed to use signs in imitative or predetermined ways.

A key source for Chomsky’s conception is Rene Descartes, whose concern with the creative powers of the...

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"Linguistic and Communicative Competence". Anti Essays. 18 Dec. 2018

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APA Citation

Linguistic and Communicative Competence. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 18, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://snehaedu.com/free-essays/Linguistic-And-Communicative-Competence-547449.html