LOVE BEYOND MORALITY.
Charlotte Brontë published Jane Eyre, in 1847 under the pseudonym Currer Bell, during the Victorian Age. The novel tells the story of a young woman who, orphaned as a child, must become first a teacher and then a governess to survive. The author’s willingness to engage, not only the titillating tropes of Gothic fiction and the difficulties facing unmarried middle-class women, but also the problems of empire and colony in 19th century England; the text remains relevant and interesting for 21st century readers. Readers can focus on anything from the details of interpersonal relationships and romances to the fear and suspense of the Gothic genre or the problems of nationalism.
In this work, we try to explore some of the themes on the novel, basically those that are related to our times: those that add an interesting layer of ambiguity to the novel at the very beginning and the very end.
In the strictest sense, Jane Eyre is all about morality – in fact, it’s close to being didactic (it's as if Brontë was trying to teach her readers about ethics). Characters seem to have an innate sense of right and wrong, and it isn’t difficult to tell what decision to make in an ethical crisis. It is, however, extremely difficult for these characters to make ethical choices in a world where morality and passion seem to be mutually exclusive. Characters must choose between being right and being happy. Luckily, in the end, circumstances will conspire to get all the ethical obstacles out of the way so that we can have the happy ending we’ve been craving.
"If people were always kind and obedient to those who are cruel and unjust, the wicked people would have it all their own way: they would never feel afraid, and so they would never alter, but would grow worse and worse. When we are struck at without a reason, we should strike back again very hard; I am sure we should – so hard as to teach the person who struck us never to do it again. […] I must dislike those...