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Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance Essay

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AP BIOLOGY                           SOUTH GATE HIGH SHOOL
Name ______________________________________________________________ Date _______________ Period _____
Guided Reading:
Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance (Ch.11)
Answer the following questions as you read chapter 11:

1. What are two things that the science of genetics provides explanations about?   (p.182)

2. What did Gregor Mendel develop?   (p.182)

3. How did Mendel’s background affect his breeding experiments?   (p.182)

4. What are four reasons why the garden pea was a good choice for Mendel’s experiment?   (p.182)

5. Label this diagram illustrating the structure of the garden pea flower:   (p.183)

6. What ratio did Mendel find in the F2 generation of all the crosses he performed?   (p.184)

7. List the four components of Mendel’s Law of Segregation:   (p.184)
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8. What are alleles?   Explain the difference between dominant and recessive alleles.   (p.184)

9. Explain the difference between homozygous and heterozygous.   (p.185)

10. Explain the difference between genotype and phenotype.   (p.185)

11. If the parental genotype is Ee, what are the possible gametes?   (p.185)

12. What is a Punnett square used for?   (p.186)

13. In rabbits, if B = dominant black allele and b = recessive white allele, which genotype(s) would have white fur?   (p.187)

14. In pea plants, yellow seed color is dominant over green seed color.   When two heterozygous plants are crossed, what percentage of plants would have yellow seeds?   (p.187)

15. What is a testcross?   (p.188)

16. In fruit flies, L = long wings and l = short wings.   When a long-winged fly is crossed with a short-winged fly, the offspring exhibit a 1:1 ratio.   What are the genotypes of the parent...

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