1. What is the Morphology meaning? Morphology is the study of word formation. Morphology is to words what syntax is to sentences.
Some morphemes, called: Lexical morphemes, grammatical morphemes, free morphemes, bound morphemes.
Morphemes: A morpheme can be loosely defined as a minimal unit having more or less constant meaning associated with more or less constant form.
Four points about Morphemes:
First, they are distinct from syllables. Second, identical spellings do not indicate morphemes. Ex: “buyer” and “shorter” both of them have the same form, but they have different meaning. Third, the definition of a morpheme should be taken as a general rule rather than a hard and fast criterion. Fourth, the goal of morphological analysis is to determine the rules that speakers follow for forming words in a particular language.
Lexical and Grammatical Morphemes:
Distinction: Lexical morphemes have a sense. Grammatical morphemes do not really have a sense express some sort of relationship between lexical morphemes.
Free and Bound Morphemes’ distinction: Straightforward. Free morphemes can stand alone as words. But Bound morphemes cannot stand alone as words.
Inflectional and Derivational Morphemes:
Affixes,can be subdivided into prefixes and suffixes. English has eight inflectional affixes. All other affixes are derivational.
Inflectional Affixes: (PLU)=plural, (POSS)=possessive,(COMP)=comparative,
(SUP)=superlative,(PRES)=present.(PAST)=past,(PAST PART)=past participle.
(PRES PART)=present participle.
Differences between Types of Affixes:
Historical Development: All inflectional affixes are native to English
Distribution: All inflectional affixes are suffixes; derivational affixes may be either suffixes or prefixes.
Range of Application: Inflectional affixes have a relatively wide range of application while derivational affixes have a wide to narrow range of application.
Order of Appearance: Inflectional suffixes...