A person is considered obese when his/her weight is 20% above the normal body weight for height and age. Obesity, which can also be designated as overweight, can lead to poor quality of life by dangles up excessive fat in different parts of the body (Pollock). Obesity can lead to major physical problems such as congestive heart failure, cancer, hypertension, coronary artery disease, back pain. It can also lead to psychological problems such as social stagnation. A wide variety of treatments exist for obesity which includes diet and therapy to medicine and surgery. The old adage "prevention is better than cure" holds true in case of obesity by including factors through education, knowledge, a good diet and exercise (Jeanette Pollock obesity topics 2006).
(Slusher, Withrow-Fletcher, and Hauser-Whitaker 2010)
Rates of overweight and obesity in the U.S grew to epidemic proportions over the last 20 years (NCHS 2009). Contributing factors for overweight includes metabolic, genetic, environmental, socioeconomic, behavioral and cultural formed habits of dietary choices (Ward-Smith 2010).
Obesity results in an imbalance in the normal metabolic function, growth and repair which affects the macro and micro nutrients required to provide energy to the body. (The National Health and Medical Research Council). Body Mass Index is a very helpful tool in providing information for overweight and obesity which measured by dividing weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters, and is normally used to classify and diagnose people for overweight. (Crawford et al., 2010)
As per the information from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2009, obesity prevalence in the United States of America ranges up to 32%. (Ward-Smith, 2010). A World Health Organization study pointed out that in 2008, approximately 1.5 billion adults were overweight. Of that, 200 million were men and 300 million were women. Further, World Health Organization (WHO) also projects, by 2015,...