Feminization of Poverty
Poverty is a lack of resources, capabilities or freedoms that are commonly called the dimensions of poverty. The term “feminization” can be used to indicate a gender biased change in any of these dimensions. Feminization is an action, a process of becoming more feminine. In this case, “feminine” means “more common or intense among women or female headed households”.
“Feminization of poverty” was a term coined by Diana Pearce and 1978 when she saw that women accounted for a vast proportion of people who were under the poverty line. Some of the factors that contribute to this problem are the wage differences between men and women. In previous years there has been information that shows the wage gap between men and women to be considerable. This alone is an enormous factor why the female gender is more likely to end up being in poverty than the male gender. Although a large portion of the females in poverty are more likely to be older women or single parents . Older women that are widowed have been found strongly related with the risk of being in poverty.
In America today the average life span of women is higher than man’s. Men tend to usually live around 5 years less than women on average. Also being a single parent, taking care of children and working a job to be able to support everyone in the household is a problem women have to face. The poverty rates of female-headed families doubled from 1950 to 1974. The irony of this was around that period in time affirmative action legislation increased opportunities for women and women’s employment increased. Not only does being a single parent contribute to the “feminization of poverty” but being divorced has an effect on middle aged women. Numerous studies have shown that divorced women have had an economic decline after their divorce. However women who have been remarried have shown that they may be able to recover but not completely from the economic loss. Some women...