Substance Abuse Programs and Crime
CRJ305: Crime Prevention (BLH1120B)
Instructor: Patrick Espinoza
Drugs are related to crime in multiple ways. Most directly, it is a crime to use, possess, manufacture, or distribute drugs classified as having a potential for abuse. Drugs are also related to crime through the effects they have on the user's behavior and by generating violence and other illegal activity. Substance abuse is the leading problem in America today. The term "drug abuse" does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in nonmedical contexts. The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effectPeople use substance abuse for all types of reasons, whether they are mental or physical. ("Substance Abuse," 2008)
When the substance abuse starts there is usually a gateway drug that is introduced to the user. As teens or younger, many get exposed to things like cigarettes and alcohol. There are things that lead teens and even adults into the world of substance abuse. Problems at home are the first mode of action for some. Ineffective parenting or the child not feeling love and care from their environment. (Kevin P Daly, 2009) Many people that are suspect to substance abuse are depressed and are usually not well rounded at all. Many people use drugs in order to escape physical and emotional discomfort. Maybe you started drinking to numb feelings of depression, smoking pot to deal with stress at home or school, relying on cocaine to boost your energy and confidence, using sleeping pills to cope with panic attacks, or taking prescription painkillers to relieve chronic back pain. Depending on what type of substance involved drug abuse may lead up to all kinds of health risks and even death. There is a high rate of suicide with the...