Communism is a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership. In 1957 Arthur Miller wrote a play called The Crucible which takes place in the Puritan town of Salem with the suspicions of witchcraft in the late 1600's based on the widespread fear of communism during the Red Scare. In both cases, there was little evidence that proved these people guilty. They were taken and jailed based on what people thought they had seen or heard. Although both incidents occurred almost 260 years apart, they are directly associated because of the similarities in people, causes and effects.
In the Crucible, two young girls made accusations of witchcraft which lead to 180 people accused and jailed with little evidence brought about against them. During the Red Scare, Senator Joseph McCarthy made accusations against 205 people saying that they were communists (Breen). At that time, people were Blacklisted and also jailed for being considered a communist. To be blacklisted means to be put on a list of people or products viewed with suspicion or disapproval (Free Dictionary), which means nobody would hire you for work. Blacklisting was kind of like what was going on in The Crucible because if you were accused of doing witchcraft, your reputation in the town of Salem was ruined.
Arthur Miller’s development of fear in the Crucible is the same as the fear during the Red Scare. Abigail accused Tituba doing witchcraft and just because she was afraid of being hanged, she pled guilty. Being accused of being a witch in Salem, Massachusetts was alarming because even if one was innocent, they are still held guilty. So really, instead of the moral being “Innocent until proven guilty” it was more “Guilty until proven innocent.“