Elements to Analyze Tone and Fiction
* Diction and syntax: The connotation of word choice, how structure affects the reader’s attitude (e.g. short sentences are often emotional or assertive, long sentences move more toward more reasonable or scholarly intent).
* Images: Appeals to understanding though the senses to evoke an emotional sense, connect to the character, or trying to help you connect with past experiences of your own. Shows rather than tells the reader so they can fully participate in the experience.
* Details: Facts that are included or those omitted. They use details to sometimes foreshadow, show changes in character, support attitude or tone.
* Language: The overall characteristics of the body of words used (formal, clinical, etc.).
* Structure: How the piece is structured -- chronological, flashback, standard, memory, conservation, dialogue, plot. Structure can elevate diction or set the tone.
Levels of Diction
-Levels of diction (language); who the author was trying to appeal to.
-Language- entire body of words used in a text.
* Monosyllabic or polysyllabic: one syllable or more than one syllable
* Neutral: no elaborate words
* Informal/low: everyday language, common, simple, idioms, contractions, slang
* Slang: informal, recently coined words
* Colloquial expressions: non-standard, regional, usually coined phrases. Unlike slang, they are not new words and they are according to a specific region
* Jargon: characteristic of a trade, profession, or pursuit. People don’t have to be from the same area to understand, just the same profession.
* Dialect: non-standard subgroup with its own vocabulary and grammatically features.
Types of diction
* Connotative: suggested meaning
* Denotative: exact meaning
* Euphonious: sounds like high diction
* Cacophony: sounds harsh (ex: croak, raucous)
* Concrete: specific
* Abstract: general, conceptual (ex: love, freedom,...