Family Preservation among First Nation Communities within Current Child welfare System
Historically speaking, family preservation programs arc not new; they go far back to the Hull house and Jane Addams era, key components in the child welfare system. The 1960 brought a new revision of child welfare, giving birth to psychopathology of the parents or caretakers. This era reshaped its vision from preserving to protecting (Callahan, M. Wharf, B, 1995). The 1970’s raised intensive programs-foster care placements, shifting from a medical model to a social model. However, previous reforms failed to recognize Aboriginal people and the need for separate due process in the child welfare policy in Canada. We look at non-Aboriginal people and the "outsider perspective" on Aboriginal policy making developments occurring in the past and the present. Thus, we examine the policy and practice and action towards family preservation in its true form within the theoretical framework.
The problem of the First Nation children in care is not limited to over-representation but it is evidence that most First Nation children taken into care are removed from their culture and communities and placed with non-Native families. And after the removal of these children from their own families, we can see the growing impact on communities and culture which is very much predictable. As a result of this removal these children are lost as future member of their community. They start devaluing their cultural background as they intend to socialize within dominant non-native culture. This practice also contributes to the ruin of identity and often loses contact with their origin, which labeled the generation with “cultural genocide”. The study of data published by placements for the province of Manitoba for 1981, support this fact. In that year 45% of native children were placed outside of their communities from Manitoba for adoption. Out of these only one child was placed within the...