According to functionalists, industrialisation led to greater geographical mobility and loss of regular contact with extended kin. The wider family network was no longer required, as emotional and personal needs were met by the nuclear unit. However a number of sociological studies of the 1850’s and 1960’s suggested that the isolation of the nuclear family from the wider family has been exaggerated.
The study of Bethnal Green in London by Young and Willmott (1957) found extended families with frequent and strong contact between kin. By the late 1960’s, studies of new council estates and factory workers with high incomes were suggesting that contact with kin, although not totally severed, was in decline.
Research indicated that people were mainly living in nuclear families which were more inward-looking, home-centred and less inclined to be sociable outside the home with kin and friends.
Using information from Item B and elsewhere, assess the view that Industrialisation led to the decline of the extended family and the rise of the nuclear family (21 marks)
Identify the question as a functionalist one (e.g. Parsons) and explain it in detail- e.g. how the extended family fits the needs of pre-industrial society, while the nuclear family fits the needs of industrial society and why.
To evaluate, you need to include views that goes against the functionalist one, e.g. how the extended family has continued in existence…e.g., Young and Willmott, Laslett, Anderson, McGlone, Willmott and the ‘dispersed extended family’ (refer mainly to pg.’s 16-19)
REMEMBER, there are marks for both AO1 (outline) this will be on functionalism mainly and AO2 (analysis and evaluation) this will be criticisms of the functionalist view AND views that go against or support the one you outlined in AO1 (e.g. that the extended family is still very important in some respects which goes against the functionalist view)
REFER TO THE QUESTION
AND INCLUDE THE ITEM IN...