Perception of Rural-Urban Migration in Selected Rural Communities in Ondo State, Nigeria
Fasoranti O. Olayiwola (PhD)
Department of Sociology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Nigeria e-mail email@example.com
ABSTRACT In most rural areas, the result of rural-urban migration is a rapid deterioration of the rural economy leading to chronic poverty and food insecurity. This study identifies the benefits and problems of rural-urban migration from perception of the non-migrants. A 5-point Likert-type scale containing pre-tested statements was used to measure the benefits and problems of rural-urban migration in three purposively selected rural communities in Ondo State, Nigeria. The study found that non-migrants’ socio-economic characteristics do not influence their perception of benefits of rural urban migration and the longer non-migrants stay in the rural area, the higher their perception of the problems of rural-urban migration. The study also shows that all the respondents are undecided on the economic problems arising from rural-urban migration. The study further discovered that the perception of non-migrants on benefits and problems from rural-urban migration is influenced mainly by the martial circumstances and length of residence of the rural nonmigrant. The paper therefore proposes that any measure seeking to influence the process of rural urban migration should meet the rural peoples’ perception of benefits of the ruralurban migration.
INTRODUCTION The movement of people from rural to urban areas is a common occurrence in Nigeria . The movement poses some problems in the rural as well as in the urban center even though, there are benefits derivable from it. In most rural areas, the impact of rural-urban migration was a rapid deterioration of the rural economy leading to chronic poverty and food insecurity (Mini, 2000). These arise mainly due to excessive drain of youth from the rural populace thus leaving only the older and aged...