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Socrates Essay

  • Submitted by: kennyz94
  • on November 24, 2012
  • Category: History
  • Length: 1,324 words

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Below is an essay on "Socrates" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Socrates is considered one of the symbols of the philosophical world. Because Socrates did not write any of his philosophical ideas, we can only depend on reports of people who were close or knew Socrates. Aristotle, Plato, Xenophon and Aristophanes are the most known to have an accurate idea of Socrates’ character and philosophy. However, Aristotle did not know Socrates in person, like Plato, Xenophon and Aristophanes (Strauss Socrates and Aristophanes. 3). Plato’s and Xenophon’s account of Socrates’ character and philosophical ideas are very alike, whereas Aristophanes’ has a significant different view. This essay will show why this is true by analyzing how Plato, Xenophon and Aristophanes described Socrates’ character and philosophical ideas in their major works.
Plato describes Socrates as having a very complex character. Plato depicts Socrates as a person who was concerned about moral subjects because he would always wander around questioning citizens about what wisdom and virtue were and how truth could be found. In addition, because he did not believe the words from the god of the temple of Delphi, that there was no man wiser than him, he continuously kept asking people who he thought was wiser than him, such as politicians, poets and craftsmen, to show that he was not the wisest of all (Plato The Apology Ex. 21a, 21b), which suggests that he had a very stubborn and humble character.   Plato also states that he did not accept any payment for his teaching, as shown in the following: “[…] I spend all my time going about trying to persuade you […] not for your bodies or for your possessions” (Plato The Apology Ex. 29c). Moreover, because he succeeded in refuting their claim of knowledge, people who were considered experts in specific areas were humiliated and revealed as ignorant, which led Athenians to consider him as a annoying, arrogant and offensive person, as he explains it himself: “This search […] has gained me much hatred of a very fierce and bitter...

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