EXAM I—HUMAN NATURE (115 pts + 12 bonus points) (Due Friday, Sept 28)
Directions: Please download the exam, answering each question without deleting the questions. In other words, just type your answer right before the question (for true/false and multiple choice) or right after, if it’s an essay question. This exam covers the syllabus, the first two essays in Berry’s book, and the Descartes, Hobbes, and Hume readings in Stevenson. Please hand in a physical copy of your exam on Friday, when it is due. NO EXCEPTIONS. Good luck.
I. TRUE/FALSE. Read each of the following questions carefully. Place a T for true, or an F for false to the left of each statement. Please write legibly. (20)
1. Descartes thinks that language is one of the primary qualities that defines humanness.
2. Descartes thinks the body is the most important component in human nature, including, and especially, the brain.
3. Hobbes sees human beings as mere pleasure-seeking machines, or mere bodies in perpetual motion. This is the view we call dualism.
4. Hume asserts that we have no impressions that are constant and invariable.
5. For Hume, we have impressions of particular substances, but not of substance itself.
6. Reductionism in science is the view that everything must eventually be explained in terms of neuroscience.
7. Empiricism is the view that man’s mind is a tabula rasa, a blank slate, and experience comes along to make impressions on it.
8. For Descartes, objects of experience are more real than ideas.
9. Berry himself believes that anything that cannot be weighed, measured, or counted does not exist.
10. Berry thinks that there are limits to science, economic activity, as well as to how big any social community should become.
11. Hobbes believes human beings are purely evil in the state of nature.
12. Hobbes thinks we never experience the object in itself, but the mind only forms a representation of the object.
13. Berry calls it a...