Exam 1 Study Guide
Use BOTH your textbook and class notes to work through the study guide for Exam 1. Keep in mind that this is a guide and does not include every detail, piece of information or question that you will need to know or be asked for the exam, however, it is an excellent way to organize information from each chapter and to identify what you do and do not know. You can only benefit from working through the study guide. It is also strongly suggested that you write out instead of type out your answers when working through the study guide as writing out the answers leads to better encoding and rehearsal.
Prologue: The Story of Psychology
1. What is psychology?
2. Who is Wilhelm Wundt?
3. Define structuralism and functionalism and identify psychologists who believed in each.
4. Describe how psychology continued to develop from the 1920s through today. Be sure to identify behaviorism, humanism and the cognitive revolution.
5. According to the textbook, what is psychology’s biggest question? How has this question been answered throughout the years? (be sure to identify individuals like Plato, Aristotle, Darwin…)
6. Identify psychology’s three levels of analysis.
7. Describe the difference between basic and applied research in psychology. Provide an example of each type of research.
8. Describe the similarities and differences between counseling psychologists, clinical psychologists and psychiatrists.
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
1. Why are the answers that flow from the scientific approach more reliable than those based on intuition and common sense?
2. What is hindsight bias? Give an example.
3. How does overconfidence relate to the study of psychology?
4. How is psychology a science?
5. What are the three main components of the scientific attitude?
6. What is a theory? What makes a theory good? What makes a theory right or wrong?
7. Identify and describe each component of...