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The Contributions Of Galileo, Newton, And Descartes Essay

  • Submitted by: amwwesty
  • on November 7, 2010
  • Category: History
  • Length: 684 words

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Below is an essay on "The Contributions Of Galileo, Newton, And Descartes" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

According to 17th century tradition, the Bible and Church doctrine were never to be questioned.   The school of thought was, unwavering faith in God was what would ultimately lead to an understanding of everything else in the world.   The “common sense” laws of the world taught by Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates were taken to be true, even though they were incorrect.   Galileo Galilei, Rene Descartes, and Isaac Newton believed that if rational, logical principles were followed the existence of God could be proven; they did not believe that faith in God would cause understanding of natural phenomena. Galileo Galilei challenged the traditional church teaching that the heavens were perfect and unchanging.   He also disproved the commonsense assumption that the sun rises and sets. Rene Descartes called into question ancient schools of thought and encouraged others to doubt everything.   Newton developed a theory of gravitation which contradicted the Church’s teaching that the heavens are unmoving.   Galileo, Descartes, nor Newton wished to contradict the Church or disprove the existence of God, but they all irritated authorities but contradicting traditional schools of thought.

As traditional Church teachings state, the heavens are perfect and unchanging.   Galileo Galilei challenged this.   He developed a powerful telescope and studied the moon, the planets, and the sun.   He noticed sunspots on the sun and shadows on the moon, which suggested the presence of hills and valleys.   Using this evidence, Galileo insisted that the heavens were no more perfect than Earth.   Galileo’s work also challenged the traditional belief that the sun was what rises and sets while Earth stands still.   Galileo was forced to appear in front of the Inquisition and recant his beliefs, even though he insisted that any differences between his discoveries and what the Bible said were due strictly to the wording of the Bible. Although all of Galileo’s discoveries are perceived as true today, in the...

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The Contributions Of Galileo, Newton, And Descartes. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 16, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://snehaedu.com/free-essays/The-Contributions-Of-Galileo-Newton-And-62856.html