‘The French revolution broke out in 1789 because of the monarchy’s debts” To what extent do you agree?
The French Revolution of 1789 had many long-term causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. They thought of not an absolute monarch but a kind of democracy where everyone stated their views and everyone would listen.
The king had all the political powers. Anyone who criticized the government could be arrested and put in prison without trial. Louis XVI was king at the time of the French Revolution. He was more interested in hunting than governing France. He and his Austrian queen, Marie Antoinette, lived an extravagant life at the Palace of Versailles. They did not really care about the state of their country. The first two estates worked together to outvote the large third estate to keep them from becoming a threat to the power. The French government was inefficient, unjust and corrupt. The French Parliament was called the Estates-General. It had not met since 1614 and couldn't without the consent of the king. It basically had no power.
The economic problems created by the French kings also contributed to the Revolution. During the 18th century, the French government spent more money than it collected in taxes. By 1788, the country was bankrupt. The amount of tax each person must pay is unfair. Landholders found in the nobility weren't taxed much. The landholders found in the commoners were taxed heavily. There was lack of bread. The price of bread was a lot higher then someone could pay which caused great misery for the people of France. Most of the money was spent on wars. France had been at war for nearly 50 years out of the previous one hundred years. A large sum of money was also spent on palaces, entertainment and gifts by the kings of France....