In the story “The Necklace” the authors theme seems to be that greed and envy can lead to destruction. Another main point in the story is that luxury is not everything. That seemed to be the problem for Madame Mathilde because she seemed to want everything and was not satisfied with what she had. In this paper I will show how the author demonstrates that dishonesty, envy and greed can lead to bigger problems by the use of characters, plot, symbolism and various devices.
“The Necklace” begins with a description of the main character, Madame Mathilde Loisel. She is described as “pretty and charming.” Madame Mathilde and her husband, who is a clerk in the Ministry of Education, are not well off financially. She has always dreamed of being rich having things such as a large home and servants, but her lifestyle is not what she wants it to be. Ashamed of her social standing, she no longer visits Madame Forestier who is an old school friend who became rich. When the Loisels are invited to a ball, Madame Loisel becomes very upset, insisting that she has nothing appropriate to wear to such an event. Hoping to make his wife feel better, Monsieur Loisel offers to buy her a new dress. As the ball approaches, Madame Loisel again becomes anxious because she has no jewels to wear. Her husband suggests she borrow jewels from Madame Forestier. Madame Loisel pays her old friend a visit the next day and she is welcomed to borrow any piece of jewelry she desires. She then selects a beautiful diamond necklace.
At the ball, Madame Loisel enjoys herself very much because she is living the life she always wanted to live. She dances until 4:00 in the morning, and then she and her husband decide to return home in a cab. On the way home, she gets caught up "in a cloud of happiness made up of this universal homage and admiration, of the desires she had aroused, of the completeness of a victory so dear to her feminine heart" (Maupassant). Once they get home Madame Loisel...