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The Unification of Italy Essay

  • Submitted by: manda16
  • on November 25, 2012
  • Category: History
  • Length: 1,152 words

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Below is an essay on "The Unification of Italy" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

“To what extent was the unification of Italy due to the weakness of Austria?”
Throughout Europe between 1815 and 1848 swept feelings of nationalism and a desire for unification, including the states collectively known as Italy. This lack of identity was underlined when Count Metternich said “Italy is just a geographical expression.” Nationalism promoted the belief in one language, one culture and the pride in one’s identity. Before unification, life in Italy was frustrating for those who wanted unification. The North and the South states were economically different; the pope influenced the central states. Nevertheless, the process began from 1861 and by 1871 boundaries had been settled. Austria had such a strong influence in Italy as she controlled Lombardy – Venetia. TO judge this it is necessary to both examine and compare other external influences, actions of individuals as well as internal actions of individuals.

Firstly, Austria suffered Military defects. Following the Crimean war (1853-56) Austria was politically isolated and had lost some of her military might. Austria was faced with divisions in her empire and was more concerned with controlling her home front than controlling Italy. Napoleon was now willing to go to war against Austria in 1859 as the decline in Austria showed a great deal of weakness and it is debatable whether Napoleon would have taken this risk if Austria’s rule did not decline. Italy gained Lombardy at the Peace of Villafranca as France and Piedmont were able to defeat her at Magenta and Solferino due to Austria’s decline. This showed great importance as without Austria declining, it would be fair to say this would not have happened. Austria had no choice and was willing to make a quick peace at Villafranca in order to conceal her failing military power from the rest of Italy. Again in 1866, Austria’s decline was shown in the Austro-Prussian war where Prussia defeated Austria and Italy gained Venetia in the unification of Italy....

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"The Unification of Italy". Anti Essays. 15 Dec. 2018


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The Unification of Italy. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 15, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://snehaedu.com/free-essays/The-Unification-Of-Italy-357917.html