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The Voting Rights Act and Reapportionment Essay

  • Submitted by: frostbyte2009
  • on November 24, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 906 words

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Below is an essay on "The Voting Rights Act and Reapportionment" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The Voting Rights Act and Reapportionment
PS 1350 American Government
ITT Technical Institute
Jonathan Ihnen

Every once in a while population change occurs in these United States of America.   As population changes, some states gain more congressional representative, and other states lose some of their representatives.   This reapportionment happens after a decennial census that determines how many people live within each congressional district.   The Voting Rights Act was established to protect the rights of certain people when it comes to voting.   This act is taken into account when reapportionment or redistricting occurs.  

The Voting Rights Act and Reapportionment
The decennial census has been a way to count the people living in the United States in every year that ends with “0” since 1790.   In the beginning, U.S. Marshals conducted the census.   In 1880 official enumerators conducted the census.   Finally in 1902 the U.S. Census Bureau was created under the Department of Commerce and Labor, and the Census Bureau has been conducting the census ever since. (Bureau, 2012) So the question you may be asking yourself is what does any of this have to do with this paper.   The population of the United States is a living, breathing organism that pumps the life blood of our country into unimaginable heights.   When some states breathe in population, other states breathe it out.   One of the fundamental reasons for conducting the decennial census of population is to reapportion the 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives.   So how does reapportionment work? Well, you look at the census for each state and then divide 435 representatives among the states.   The number of reps from each state changes every 10 years, I believe for this. Basically you determine that you will get 1 rep for every “X” number of people.   So some states end up with only 1, while others have more than 20.   It's supposed to be that each...

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