These theories in sociology help distinguish with different sociological perspectives in which we view the social world. A theory is a set of interrelated propositions or principles designed to answer a question or explain something in society. Sociology includes three major theoretical perspectives: the structural-functionalist perspective, the conflict perspective, and the symbolic interactionist perspective. Each of these will be discussed in this essay and will include a wide variety of explanations to what causes and possible solutions in the social world.
Structural-Functionalist Theories of Social Problems:
Social Pathology- According to certain Social Models, social problems are said to come from some sort of sickness. You are normally born with this illness much like a sickness that makes the body become ill. The difference is a normal sickness is much easier to identify and cure. A social sickness can go on for years or even a lifetime before they are discovered. A social illness is defined as when a member of society is not adequately socialized to adopt its norms and values. People who don’t care about values for themselves or their families aren’t going to care much for others.
Social Disorganization- social problems change often with time, when norms become weak or are in conflict with each other, society is in a state of anomie, which means when norms and values are weak or unclear. This view believes social problems can be solved by slowing down the pace of social change and strengthening social norms. An example would be underage smoking, although hard to stop completely, we could make the laws much stronger with heavier fines for those buying or contributing to a minor. By raising the severity of the crime it would scare some people away due to a huge fine they may have to pay.
Conflict Theories of Social Problems
Marxist Conflict Theories- according to this theory, social problems result from class inequality...