Welcome

Anti Essays offers essay examples to help students with their essay writing.

Sign Up

To What Extent Does Egoism Provide Reasonable Grounds for Conforming to the Expectations of Morality? [30] Essay

  • Submitted by: DavidBeriev1
  • on November 18, 2013
  • Category: Miscellaneous
  • Length: 611 words

Open Document

Below is an essay on "To What Extent Does Egoism Provide Reasonable Grounds for Conforming to the Expectations of Morality? [30]" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

People are always ask themselves if the actions they do are good or not. People claim egoism as a wrong thing to do. However, is an egoist action means that no altruistic actions can be made or it is possible to do both? A suggestion can be made that maximising self-interest does not benefit all of   the people and therefore not sufficient for morality. However, it is clear that egoism is compatible and can overlap with moral actions.


The first reason why egoism is compatible and can overlap with moral actions is that agreements can be made in order to mutually benefit all people. This is called a social contract and can be explained as a set of rules that limit any threat that others may pose which are set by egoists. John Locke brought an idea of “the state of nature” in the “Two treatises of government”, which suggests that “no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possession”. Locke believes that humans have natural rights to life, liberty and property but as a society, we live in, can be corrupted, these rights can be broken apart. Therefore, in order to protect these ‘natural rights’, the social contract emerges. When rules are set, as well as securing everyone’s self-interest, it is in fact a moral thing to do, as it helps everyone. For example,   if a person cannot hunt, a stronger person that is able to hunt would be able to hep. And that works other way as well - people have different skills that can help each other.


The second reason why egoism is compatible and can overlap with moral actions is that self-interest overlaps with benefits to others. As people live all together in the society, by increasing our own self-interest, we also increase self-interest of those around us. It was suggested by Machiavelli that people should act good until it benefits you - “The fact is that a man who wants to act virtuously in every way necessarily comes to grief among so many who are not virtuous” [The Prince]. It is possible to act...

Show More


Citations

MLA Citation

"To What Extent Does Egoism Provide Reasonable Grounds for Conforming to the Expectations of Morality? [30]". Anti Essays. 10 Dec. 2018

<http://snehaedu.com/free-essays/To-What-Extent-Does-Egoism-Provide-546783.html>

APA Citation

To What Extent Does Egoism Provide Reasonable Grounds for Conforming to the Expectations of Morality? [30]. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 10, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://snehaedu.com/free-essays/To-What-Extent-Does-Egoism-Provide-546783.html