The United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) defines tourism as the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs.
Types of Tourism Products
The tourism product is diversified from country to country and even within countries, thereby allowing visitors to choose a destination based on the offering and characteristics of that destination. This diversification takes the form of types of tourism products which include: nature/ eco-tourism, adventure tourism and heritage tourism.
Eco-tourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and usually protected areas, intended as a low impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial tourism. The island of Dominica has a thriving eco-tourism product which embodies selling the natural characteristics of the island.
Nature tourism, when compared to the other tourism products, can be used in particular to provide funds for ecological conservation, to directly benefit the economic development of local communities or to foster respect for different cultures.
The Ecotourism Society Pakistan (ESP) for instance, explains that “Ecotourism is a travel activity that ensures direct financial support to local people where tourism activities are being generated and enjoyed.” The Society went on to say that the eco-tourism product teaches travelers to respect local cultures of Pakistan and at the same generates economic activities in the local communities.
The eco-tourism concept discourages mass tourism, mass constructions of hotels, tourism resorts and mass activities in fragile areas. For many countries, ecotourism is not simply a marginal activity to finance protection of the environment, but is a major industry of the national economy. For example, in Costa Rica and territories of...