Mohandas Gandhi, India's "Father of the Nation"
Mohandas Gandhi - October 2, 1869(1869-10-02) - January 30, 1948 (aged 78)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. Gandhi is commonly known in India and across the world as Mahatma Gandhi: Maha-tma ("Great Soul") and as Bapu ("Father").
Living with a devout Hindu mother, Gandhi learned from an early age the tenets of non-injury to living beings, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification.
At the age of 18 on September 4, 1888, Gandhi went to University College London to train as a barrister. His time in London, the Imperial capital, was influenced by a vow he had made to his mother, to observe the Hindu precepts of abstinence from meat, alcohol, and promiscuity.
He returned to India after being called to the bar, but had limited success establishing a law practice in Bombay. It was in this climate that (in 1893) he accepted a year-long contract from an Indian firm to a post in Natal, South Africa.
Gandhi emerged as the leader of the Indian community, and it is in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance. Gandhi returned to India in early 1915 ver the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles all over the country. Gandhi became the international symbol of a free India. He lived a spiritual and ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and meditation.
In 1921 the Indian National Congress, the group that spearheaded the movement for nationhood, gave Gandhi complete executive authority, with the right of naming his own successor.
The British government again seized and imprisoned him in 1922 for the failure of the civil disobedience movement.
Attacked caste system: In September 1932, while in jail, Gandhi undertook a “fast unto death” to improve the status of the Hindu...