Who is George Sand?
French Romantic writer, known primarily for her so-called rustic novels. She subsequently produced a series of novels and plays of impeccable morality and conservatism. Among her later works are the autobiography Histoire de ma vie (1854–55; “Story of My Life”) and Contes d’une grand’mère (1873; “Tales of a Grandmother”), a collection of stories she wrote for her grandchildren.
Explain the role of opera in Parisian society.
Opera played an important social as well as musical role in Paris. It was established by Louis XIV in 1669, the National Academy of Music encompassed opera, music, and ballet. The opera was at once a state institution, a symbol of French culture and sovereignty, and a reminder of the country’s royal heritage. In a period of rapid change during a century when aristocracy lost its hold on power throughout Europe, the opera seemed to be an oasis of conservative stability and aristocratic values.
What is Impressionism, and who are the major Impressionist painters?
A style of painting associated mainly with French artists of the late nineteenth century, such as Edgar Degas, Edouard Manet, Claude Monet, and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Impressionist painting seeks to re-create the artist's or viewers general impression of a scene. It is characterized by indistinct outlines and by small brushstrokes of different colors, which the eye blends at a distance. Soft, pastel colors appear frequently in impressionist paintings.
a style of painting developed in the last third of the 19th century, characterized chiefly by short brush strokes of bright colors in immediate juxtaposition to represent the effect of light on objects. a manner of painting in which the forms, colors, or tones of an object are lightly and rapidly indicated. a manner of sculpture in which volumes are partially modeled and surfaces roughened to reflect light unevenly.
Who are Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy? What are their major works?
Dostoyevsky was a Russian...